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About Risk Assessment

Risk assessment is the basis of businesses to prevent ill health and occupational accidents. There are a number of good reasons for risk assessment. If it is not done properly or not done at all, the apt preventive measures are not likely to be put in place or identified.

Each and every year, a number of people in New Zealand are injured at their workplace or have their heath harmed seriously in work. That’s the reason why risk assessment is so crucial. It is a dynamic method, which allows organizations and businesses to put in place a practical policy of managing the risks of workplace.

Employers in the workplace have a duty to ensure health and safety of the workers in all aspects related to work. The purpose of conducting a risk assessment is to allow the employer to take measures crucial for health and safety protection of the workers. The measures include providing training and information to the workers, prevention of occupational risks and means for implementing the much needed measures.

While one of the main purposes of risk assessment is to prevent occupational risks, it may not always be possible to achieve it in practice. Where such risk elimination isn’t possible, the risks must be reduced and residual risk controlled. In the later phase, as part of the review programme, this kind of residual risk shall be reassessed and probability of risk elimination, perhaps in light of new knowledge, may be reconsidered.

Risk assessment must be structured and applied in order to help the employers:

  • Identify hazards created at work and assess risks associated with hazards, for determining the measures they must take for protecting health and safety of employees having due regards to the legislative needs
  • Evaluate risks to make informed selection of the work equipment, preparations used or chemical substances, organization of the work and fitting out of workplace
  • Check whether measures are adequate
  • Give priority to the actions if measures are found to be crucial as a result of assessment
  • Show to themselves, competent authorities, workers as well as their representatives, which all factors related to work have been considered and that informed valid judgment has been made about risks and measured required for safeguarding the health as well as safety
  • Ensure preventing measures and the methods of production and working that are regarded necessary and implemented following the risk assessment
  • Provide improvement in level of the worker protection